Selecting a laminate is not as easy as it can be seen. There are a number of shades to be aware of if you are going to buy this kind of floor. First, you need to understand classification and labeling. But let all of us in order.
Each class has a laminate that is characterized by a durability. From this parameter depends on – how long laminated covers can help you. To combine a quality assessment of the laminate in 1999 introduced special rules adopted by the European Association of Laminate Floor Manufacturers. Rules for the European Classification include laminates according to their durability. After testing, floors may use class (manual).
Class of operation determines how long the laminate arts maintain a good appearance under different loads and harmful effects. A European Standard (EN 13329) – It contains 18 tests performed as the laminate is assigned a certain class. This regulation refers to the separation of laminate floors in two groups – laminate commercial exploitation laminate and home use. Previously, the most important criterion for determining the use of the class has been tested for wear resistance, for which a special device equipped with a grinding wheel was used.
Now assigned application class laminate is tested for 7 parameters:
sustainability; resistance to contamination; resistance to impression; Resistant to removable furniture, resistant to burning cigarettes; humidity; Resistance to moving furniture on the reels.
After testing the laminate, one gets the lowest test result. For example, if in the first six tests laminate corresponds to 33 class, but on the seventh – 21 classes, the material will get 21 minutes after application class.
The laminate 21 grade
Laminate 21 grade is a fork load. The service life of such a laminate is small, it rarely reaches another 4 years. Suitable for use in wardrobes and bedrooms. Today, almost one laminate does not occur, as it is not demanded on the market.
The laminate 22 class
Laminate 22 class is suitable for placement in children's room and living room. It is clear that it can also be used in residential areas. Lifespan of up to 4 years.
Laminate 23 class
Laminate 23 grade is used for housing, where high load on the floor, for example, there a lot of heavy furniture. These rooms have kitchens and corridors. Lifespan of up to 4 years.
Laminate 31 grade
Laminate 31 grade is intended for commercial applications where there is little load on the floor. He has a higher quality than the laminate for stables. It can be installed in conference rooms. This lifespan is up to 3 years. If you put such a laminate in the living room, it can last for up to twelve years.
Laminate 32 class
Laminate 32 class is suitable for use in iconic premises, where the average load on the floors, such as receptions, offices, classrooms and other similar places. Life for these facilities will be up to 5 years. For the residence lifetime laminate – up to 15 years.
Laminate 33 class
Laminate 33 grade is used for golvi commercial premises where a large load on the floor. The first is: bars, restaurants, shops and gym. Lifespan – Up to 6 years. When laying in the living room so that the laminate can be used up to 24 years.
Tip: It is believed that the 32 grade laminate is best suited for offices and apartments. He most optimal price / performance ratio.
If you are looking for laminate flooring in commercial premises, you must choose from 32 classes. He will motivate investments and will last for up to 6 years. If you need a laminate for the house, it is better to take the material is not lower than the 31 grade, it will be higher quality than the laminate for use in a residential area. Consequently, life expectancy will last longer.
The laminate thickness can be 6-12millimeter. It is better to choose a thicker laminate, because it is thicker, more durable and easier to stack. Moreover, the thicker the coating, the greater the sound absorbing properties.
Based on the above, it is wise to choose a laminate with a thickness of 8-12 mm.
Most of the manufacturers offer a guarantee for a period of five to 15 years. But it is better to give preference to laminate-known manufacturers. For example, such as: Tarkett, Alloc, Pergo and others.
Generally reputed manufacturers warranty life of more than 20 years, and the brand laminate Alloc Lifetime Warranty. Only cheap cover wear out quickly, so that they and the minimum warranty period.
Types of connections
There are two types of laminate panels connection:
The adhesive laminate – cheap but its stylingWe have to hire staff like myself to make it will be difficult. The panels must connect the ends using quick-drying glue. The use of adhesive eliminates the presence of gaps. For this reason, the adhesive laminate has a higher moisture resistance than the latch. The disadvantage is the inability to repair such coating as panels are glued together, and then replacing the damaged area will not work without damaging the adjacent panel.
Castle laminate is added without glue – due to special discs. This laminate has high maintenance, as it is not bound to the panel of glue. The main disadvantage of this embodiment of the compound – the joints are exposed to moisture. However, some manufacturers try to resolve this issue by recommending re-attached panels with glue.
Castle laminate is available in two types: lock lock (lock), and finished lock (click).
Laminate with single click lock in stacking these double locks and is angled 45 degrees. They allow the base curvature to 3 millimeters per meter.
Panels equipped with lock-lock fit even easier than with click lock. Working with them does not yet require professionalism. But it makes a perfectly flat base for such panels.
Types of substrate for laminate
The substrate – a special material for insulation laminate flooring. Before stacking, you must clean the floor surface from dust with a vacuum cleaner. With the aid of soundproofing and thermal insulation. The laminate where the substrate is already present, usually laminate 32 class.
There are such types of support if we consider material:
The basis of penopropilene is most commonly found. The advantages of such a substrate – moisture resistance, low cost and easy use. Disadvantages – it does not matter, and over time, bottoms and loses their properties when exposed to sunlight. The substrate of cork – perfect thermal insulator. It keeps its shape well and is very durable. However, often the condensate is formed on a substrate. Missing this disadvantage of the substrate, and made of cork or cork of bitumen and rubber. Such support does not slow down and absorb excellent. The special substrate makes it possible to stack the panel is much faster. This provides excellent heat and sound insulation, no condensation. The disadvantage of this substrate – the high price.
Graphic symbols on the laminate will help you in the selection. Therefore, before you go to the store study – meaning each of them.